Are there times during which internal consistency is more or less important? What about validity? What does the literature s

  

 

Good post! Are there times during which internal consistency is more or less important? What about validity? What does the literature say?

Dr. M. 

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    WeekFiveDiscussion.docx

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Week Five Discussion

Student’s name

Instructor

Course

Date

The Children’s Anxiety Treatment Center (CATC)

The age range of the clients

For children between the ages of 3 and 11, the CATC provides Individual and Family Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

Range of symptoms that need to be assessed

Symptoms of anxiousness in children may go undetected by others. You never know what’s going through their heads. Their bodies might also be affected by anxiety. Restless, irritable, or short of breath are common complaints from children. They may have stomach aches, sweating, clammy hands and feet, a parched mouth, and rapid heartbeat (Spence, 2019).

Language compatibility

Anxiety in young children may be screened by using the Preschool Anxiety Scale (PAS), an adaptation of the SCAS created by parents for screening (Spence, 2019). Turkish, Polish, Swedish, Danish, Italian, and Malay are just a few of the 20 languages that the scale has been translated into.

Length of the instruments

The time frame for item responses is the past six months.

Cost of the instruments

The PAS may be accessed for free on the PAS website. When used in clinical settings to keep a check on treatment outcomes, it is a reliable and specific tool for evaluating anxiety in children.

Whether the instrument is self-report or completed by staff

Anxiety screening for children ages 3 to 11 was designed using the SCAS and the PAS. As a result, parents will fill out the survey based on the symptoms shown by their children.

The educational level of staff who may complete the measures

As a result, training has to be tailored to the specifics of the data acquired. For administrators, a one-day training session is suggested; as an alternative, a 25.00 USD training videotape is accessible online (Spence, 2019).

Reading ability of clients

Spence (2019) says the scale has become a standard questionnaire and its psychometrics have been rigorously evaluated in several research across a variety of nations. Scientific evidence supporting internal and test-retest reading ability for children, convergence/divergence, discriminant validity, and concept validity has been widely supported.

Any other factors that are unique to your programs

Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), Strengths and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ) are two of the distinctive features of PAS.

The Adult Substance Abuse Treatment Program (ASATP)

The age range of the clients

My preferred screening tool is the Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ). It is a complex self-report evaluation for persons between the ages of 18 and 64 (Ngo & Shah, 2015). It is a 150-item questionnaire that is administered by a trained interviewer, and it offers a 10-point severity assessment for nine of the most common life issues (Ngo & Shah, 2015).

Range of symptoms that need to be assessed

· For example, taking the drug in bigger doses or for a longer period of time than prescribed.

· Attempting to reduce or quit taking the drug but failing to do so.

· A lot of time spent procuring, using, or recuperating from the material.

· A strong desire to take the drug.

Language compatibility

In terms of criteria validation and other psychometric tests, the drug use/abuse scale has gotten the most attention. Additionally, it has been translated into Spanish and Portuguese to ensure that it may be used with confidence by those who speak those languages.

Length of the instruments

The instrument is predicted to take around 10 minutes to complete, and the results are scored and interpreted in about 5 minutes.

Cost of the instruments

Clinical and educational contexts utilize this technique for screening rather than in-depth evaluation. An administration package of 25 administrations of PESQ costs $70 (Ngo & Shah, 2015).

Whether the instrument is self-report or completed by staff

Pencil-and-paper self-administered.

The educational level of staff who may complete the measures

No training is required to apply the tool.

Reading ability of clients

Internal consistency has been employed as a measure of the instrument’s dependability in several investigations, according to Ngo and Shah (2015). Also, Tippayanate and Pinitsoontorn evaluated the reading ability of constructs, criteria, and content.

Any other factors that are unique to your programs

There are three issue checklists in the medical, school and family areas of PESQ that are unique to the product.

References

Ngo, E., & Shah, S. (2015). Screening and assessment for substance abuse. Substance Abuse, 43–52. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1951-2_5

Spence, S. H. (2019). Assessment of fear and anxiety in preschool children. Anxiety in Preschool Children, 68–98. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315213828-4

  

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