Project management assignment Reliable Assignment Help


Question Description

i have assignment for same course 

i need your help 

please can i post it to you

its on the book that i already attached above

Question (6) 

chapter 8 

pages (286 – 287) 

here is what my instructor sent regarding the Q 6

Project Management 5th Edition.pdf 

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This exercise is similar to the resource scheduling issues you face in SIM Project for the Alliance Prototype Project. The question is..can you respond positively to your partner regarding his request?

The major objective for this assignment is to develop a schedule that produces a level loading of the resources – in this case the backhoes. The request from your partner,Brooker, is for you to release 1 of your backhoes to him for use on another project. The question therefore is, can you complete your project in no more than 11 months with 2 backhoes? This requires you to level load your resources at no more than 2 per month.

However, there are some constraints in the project. For example,  activities 5 & 6 require 2 backhoes. That is a project constraint.  The other activities only require 1 backhoe.


Pay attention to the slack available for each activity, there is some flexibility regarding the sequence of activities.

Even though the current project schedule is set for 9 months, you have been authorized to complete the project no later than month 11.

Use the attached template to prepare and post your proposed solution

Exercise 6 pg. 233.234 Resource Schedule Template (1).doc 

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Exercise 8-6 – Template for answer
Cross Reference of Project Management Body
of Knowledge (PMBOK) Concepts to Text Topics
Chapter 1
Chapter 8
Modern Project Management
1.2 Project defined
1.3 Project management defined
1.4 Projects and programs (.2)
2.1 The project life cycle (.2.3)
App. G.1 The project manager
App. G.7 Political and social environments
F.1 Integration of project management processes [3.1]
Chapter 2 Organization Strategy and Project Selection
1.4 Projects and programs (.2)
1.4.1 Managing the portfolio
1.4.3 Strategy and projects
2.3 Stakeholders and review boards
12.1 RFP’s and vendor selection (.3.4.5) SWAT analysis
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Defining the Project
4.1 Project charter
5.1 Gather requirements
5.2 Defining scope
5.3 Creating a WBS
5.4 Tools and techniques
6.1 Define activities
9.1.2. Responsibility matrixes
10.1 Communication planning (.2.3.4) [App. G-4]
Chapter 5
Estimating Times and Costs
6.4 Activity duration estimates (.3)
6.4.2 Estimating tools (.1.3.4)
6.3.1 Identifying resources
7.1 Activity cost estimates (. Delphi method
Chapter 6
Developing a Project Plan
4.2.2 Planning tools
6.2 Sequence activities [1.2]
6.5.1 Bar and milestone charts
6.5.2 Critical path method (.2) Lead and lag activities [6.2.3]
F.3 Project duration
Chapter 7
Managing Risk
11.1 Risk management process [F.8]
11.2 Identifying risks Impact matrix
11.4 Risk assessment
11.5 Risk responses (.2–.1.2)
11.6 Risk register PERT analysis Contingency reserves Change control management
ISBN: 0073403342
Author: Erik W. Larson, Clifford F. Gray
Title: Project Management
Chapter 9
Reducing Project Duration Schedule compression
Chapter 10
Leadership Leadership skills
G.1 Project leadership
10.1 Stakeholder management
Chapter 11
Organization: Structure and Culture
2.4.1 Organization cultures [G.7]
2.4.2 Organization structure [9.1.3]
9.1.1 Organization charts
1.4.4 Project offices
Scheduling resources and cost
6.5.2 Setting a schedule baseline [8.1.4] Setting a resource schedule Resource leveling
7.2 Setting a cost and time baseline schedule (1.3.5) [8.1.3] Critical chain method
9.2 Building the team (.1.3) & [3.5.3] [App G.2 Building teams]
9.4 Managing the team
9.3.2 Team building activities
9.2.4 Virtual teams Team performance [] Conflict management Recognition and awards
Chapter 12
12.1.1 Procurement requirements [G.8] Contract types Conflict management
12.2.7 The art of negotiating Change requests
Chapter 13
Monitoring Progress
10.5.3 Cost/schedule system (.1)
6.6 .2.1 Time performance Cost baseline development Earned value system (F.4) E.V., performance status report E.V., forecasts EV., to complete index (EAC) Schedule and cost variance
Chapter 14
Project closure
Closure report Organization processes (.5) & [4.5.3 &]
4.6.1 Administrative tasks (.3) & [3.7.1, & 12.4] Lessons learned [] Individual performance appraisals
Chapter 15
International Projects
G.7 Culture awareness
Chapter 16
1.4.4 Project offices
8.1.2 Continuous improvement
5.1 Requirements vs. actual [5.3]
Chapter 17
Agile PM Rolling wave
Front endsheets
Color: 2
Pages: 2,3
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The Managerial Process
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The McGraw-Hill/Irwin Series Operations and Decision Sciences
Beckman and Rosenfield,
Operations, Strategy: Competing in the
21st Century,
First Edition
Purchasing and Supply Chain
Second Edition
Bowersox, Closs, and Cooper,
Supply Chain Logistics Management,
Third Edition
Brown and Hyer,
Managing Projects: A Team-Based
First Edition
Burt, Petcavage, and Pinkerton,
Supply Management,
Eighth Edition
Cachon and Terwiesch,
Matching Supply with Demand: An
Introduction to Operations Management,
Second Edition
Manufacturing Strategy: Text & Cases,
Third Edition
Seppanen, Kumar, and Chandra,
Process Analysis and Improvement,
First Edition
Supply Chain Science,
First Edition
Hopp and Spearman,
Factory Physics,
Third Edition
Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky,
and Simchi-Levi,
Designing and Managing the Supply
Chain: Concepts, Strategies, Case
Third Edition
Jacobs, Berry, Whybark, and Vollmann
Manufacturing Planning & Control for
Supply Chain Management,
Sixth Edition
Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking
and Modeling for Complex World,
First Edition
Jacobs and Chase,
Operations and Supply Management:
The Core,
Second Edition
Operations Management,
10th Edition
Jacobs and Chase
Operations and Supply Management,
Thirteenth Edition
Jacobs and Whybark,
Why ERP?
First Edition
Swink, Melnyk, Cooper, and Hartley,
Managing Operations Across the
Supply Chain,
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Managing Product and Service
Development: Text and Cases,
First Edition
Interactive Models for Operations and
Supply Chain Management,
First Edition
Larson and Gray,
Project Management: The Managerial
Fifth Edition
Fitzsimmons and Fitzsimmons,
Service Management: Operations,
Strategy, Information Technology,
Seventh Edition
Leenders, Johnson, Flynn, and Fearon,
Purchasing and Supply Management,
Thirteenth Edition
Foundations of Inventory Management,
First Edition
Production and Operations Analysis,
Sixth Edition
Operations Management Cases,
First Edition
Ulrich and Eppinger,
Product Design and Development,
Fourth Edition
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Technology Management,
First Edition
Introduction to Information Systems
Project Management,
Second Edition
Hillier and Hillier,
Introduction to Management Science: A
Modeling and Case Studies Approach
with Spreadsheets,
Fourth Edition
SAP R/3 Enterprise Software:
An Introduction,
First Edition
Schroeder, Goldstein, Rungtusanatham,
Operations Management: Contemporary
Concepts and Cases,
Fifth Edition
Stevenson and Ozgur,
Introduction to Management Science with
First Edition
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The Managerial Process
Fifth Edition
Erik W. Larson
Oregon State University
Clifford F. Gray
Oregon State University
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Published by McGraw-Hill/Irwin, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue
of the Americas, New York, NY, 10020. Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights
reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or
stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies,
Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast
for distance learning.
Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the
United States.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 WVR/WVR 0 9 8 7
MHID 0-07-340334-2
Editorial director: Stewart Mattson
Publisher: Tim Vertovec
Executive editor: Richard T. Hercher, Jr.
Developmental editor: Gail Korosa
Associate marketing manager: Jaime Halterman
Project manager: Harvey Yep
Production supervisor: Carol Bielski
Designer: Mary Kazak Vander
Photo researcher: Jeremy Cheshareck
Media project manager: Cathy Tepper
Cover image: © Veer Images
Typeface: 10.5/12 Times Roman
Compositor: Aptara®, Inc.
Printer: Worldcolor
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Larson, Erik W., 1952Project management: the managerial process / Erik W. Larson, Clifford F. Gray. —5th ed.
p. cm. —(The McGraw-Hill/Irwin series, operations and decision sciences)
Gray’s name appears first on the earlier editions.
Includes index.
ISBN-13: 978-0-07-340334-2 (alk. paper)
ISBN-10: 0-07-340334-2 (alk. paper)
1. Project management. 2. Time management. 3. Risk management. I. Gray, Clifford F.
II. Gray, Clifford F. Project management. III. Title.
HD69.P75G72 2011
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About the Authors
Erik W. Larson
ERIK W. LARSON is professor of project management at the College of Business, Oregon State University. He teaches executive, graduate, and undergraduate
courses on project management, organizational behavior, and leadership. His
research and consulting activities focus on project management. He has published
numerous articles on matrix management, product development, and project partnering. He has been honored with teaching awards from both the Oregon State
University MBA program and the University of Oregon Executive MBA program.
He has been a member of the Portland, Oregon, chapter of the Project Management Institute since 1984. In 1995 he worked as a Fulbright scholar with faculty at
the Krakow Academy of Economics on modernizing Polish business education.
In 2005 he was a visiting professor at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok,
Thailand. He received a B.A. in psychology from Claremont McKenna College
and a Ph.D. in management from State University of New York at Buffalo. He is
a certified project management professional (PMP) and Scrum Master.
Clifford F. Gray
CLIFFORD F. GRAY is professor emeritus of management at the College of
Business, Oregon State University. He continues to teach undergraduate and graduate project management courses overseas and in the United States; he has personally taught more than 100 executive development seminars and workshops.
His research and consulting interests have been divided equally between operations management and project management; he has published numerous articles
in these areas, plus a text on project management. He has also conducted research
with colleagues in the International Project Management Association. Cliff has
been a member of the Project Management Institute since 1976 and was one of the
founders of the Portland, Oregon, chapter. He was a visiting professor at Kasetsart
University in Bangkok, Thailand in 2005. He was the president of Project Management International, Inc. (a training and consulting firm specializing in project
management) 1977–2005. He received his B.A. in economics and management
from Millikin University, M.B.A. from Indiana University, and doctorate in operations management from the College of Business, University of Oregon. He is
certified Scrum Master.
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“Man’s mind, once stretched by a new idea, never
regains its original dimensions.”
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
To my family who have always encircled me with
love and encouragement—my parents (Samuel
and Charlotte), my wife (Mary), my sons and their
wives (Kevin and Dawn, Robert and Sally) and
their children (Ryan, Carly, Connor and Lauren).
“We must not cease from exploration and the end of all
exploring will be to arrive where we begin and to know
the place for the first time.”
T. S. Eliot
To Ann whose love and support has brought out
the best in me. And, to our girls Mary, Rachel, and
Tor-Tor for the joy and pride they give me. Finally,
to my muse, Neil, for the faith and inspiration he
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Since you are reading this text, you have made a decision that learning more about
project management will have a positive impact for you. You are absolutely right!
Project management has become an organization-wide core competency; nearly
every manager, regardless of discipline is involved in managing one or more projects. This text is designed to provide project managers and prospective project
managers with the knowledge and skills that are transferable across industries and
Our motivation for writing this text was to provide students with a holistic,
integrative view of project management. A holistic view focuses on how projects
contribute to the strategic goals of the organization. The linkages for integration
include the process of selecting projects that best support the strategy of a particular organization and that in turn can be supported by the technical and managerial processes made available by the organization to bring projects to completion.
The goals for prospective project managers are to understand the role of a project
in their organizations and to master the project management tools, techniques,
and interpersonal skills necessary to orchestrate projects from start to finish.
The role of projects in organizations is receiving increasing attention. Projects
are the major tool for implementing and achieving the strategic goals of the organization. In the face of intense, worldwide competition, many organizations have
reorganized around a philosophy of innovation, renewal, and organizational
learning to survive. This philosophy suggests an organization that is flexible and
project driven. Project management has developed to the point where it is a professional discipline having its own body of knowledge and skills. Today it is nearly
impossible to imagine anyone at any level in the organization who would not benefit from some degree of expertise in the process of managing projects.
This text is written for a wide audience. It covers concepts and skills that are used
by managers to propose, plan, secure resources, budget, and lead project teams to
successful completions of their projects. The text should prove useful to students
and prospective project managers in helping them understand why organizations
have developed a formal project management process to gain a competitive advantage. Readers will find the concepts and techniques discussed in enough detail to be
immediately useful in new-project situations. Practicing project managers will find
the text to be a valuable guide and reference when dealing with typical problems
that arise in the course of a project. Managers will also find the text useful in
understanding the role of projects in the missions of their organizations. Analysts
will find the text useful in helping to explain the data needed for project implementation as well as the operations of inherited or purchased software. Members of the
Project Management Institute will find the text is well structured to meet the needs
of those wishing to prepare for PMP (Project Management Professional) or CAPM
(Certified Associate in Project Management) certification exams. The text has indepth coverage of the most critical topics found in PMI’s Project Management
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Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). People at all levels in the organization assigned to
work on projects will find the text useful not only in providing them with a rationale for the use of project management tools and techniques but also because of
the insights they will gain on how to enhance their contributions to project
Our emphasis is not only on how the management process works, but more
importantly, on why it works. The concepts, principles, and techniques are universally applicable. That is, the text does not specialize by industry type or project
scope. Instead, the text is written for the individual who will be required to manage a variety of projects in a variety of different organizational settings. In the
case of some small projects, a few of the steps of the techniques can be omitted,
but the conceptual framework applies to all organizations in which projects are
important to survival. The approach can be used in pure project organizations
such as construction, research organizations, and engineering consultancy firms.
At the same time, this approach will benefit organizations that carry out many
small projects while the daily effort of delivering products or services continues.
In this latest edition of the book, we have responded to feedback received from
both students and teachers, which is deeply appreciated. As a result of the this
feedback, the following changes have been made to the fifth edition:
• Restructuring of text to include four supplemental chapters that cover topics
beyond the project management core.
• Inclusion of a supplemental chapter on agile project management which has
enjoyed success on new product and software development projects.
• Terms and concepts have been updated to be consistent with the fourth edition
of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (2008).
• Revised Chapter 14 to include project retrospectives. Chapters 2, 4, 6, 7, and 12,
have been updated.
• New student exercises and cases have been added to most chapters.
• Answers to selected exercises are now available in Appendix 1
• A third major computer exercise has been added to the Appendix 2;
• The “Snapshot from Practice” boxes feature a number of new examples of
project management in action as well as new research highlights that continue
to promote practical application of project management.
Overall the text addresses the major questions and issues the authors have encountered over their 60 combined years of teaching project management and consulting with practicing project managers in domestic and foreign environments. The
following questions represent the issues and problems practicing project managers
find consuming most of their effort: What is the strategic role of projects in contemporary organizations? How are projects prioritized? What organizational and
managerial styles will improve chances of project success? How do project managers orchestrate the complex network of relationships involving vendors, subcontractors, project team members, senior management, functional managers, and
customers that affect project success? What factors contribute to the development
of a high-performance project team? What project management system can be set
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up to gain some measure of control? How do managers prepare for a new international project in a foreign culture? How does one pursue a career in project
Project managers must deal with all these concerns to be effective. All of these
issues and problems represent linkages to an integrative project management view.
The chapter content of the text has been placed within an overall framework that
integrates these topics in a holistic manner. Cases and snapshots are included from
the experiences of practicing managers. The future for project managers appears
to be promising. Careers will be determined by success in managing projects.
Student Learning Aids
The text Web site ( includes study outlines, online
quizzes, PowerPoint slides, videos, Microsoft Project Video Tutorials and Web
links. The trial version of Microsoft Project software is included on its own
CD-ROM free with the text.
We would like to thank Richard Bruce, Ottawa University for updating the Test
Bank and Online Quizzes; Charlie Cook, University of West Alabama for revising
the PowerPoint slides; Oliver F. Lehmann for providing access to PMBOK study
questions; and Mink for accuracy checking the text and Instructor’s Resource
Manual content.
Next, it is important to note that the text includes contributions from numerous
students, colleagues, friends, and managers gleaned from professional conversations. We want them to know we sincerely appreciate their counsel and suggestions.
Almost every exercise, case, and example in the text is drawn from a real-world
project. Special thanks to managers who graciously shared their current project as
ideas for exercises, subjects for cases, and examples for the text. Shlomo Cohen,
John A. Drexler, Jim Moran, John Sloan, Pat Taylor, and John Wold, whose work
is printed, are gratefully acknowledged. Special gratitude is due Robert Breitbarth
of Interact Management, who shared invaluable insights on prioritizing projects.
University students and managers deserve special accolades for identifying problems with earlier drafts of the text and exercises.
We are indebted to the reviewers of past editions who shared our commitment to
elevating the instruction of project management. The reviewers include Paul S.
Allen, Rice University; Denis F. Cioffi, George Washington University; Joseph
D. DeVoss, DeVry University; Edward J. Glantz, Pennsylvania State University;
Michael Godfrey, University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh; Robert Key, University of
Phoenix; Dennis Krumwiede, Idaho State University; Nicholas C. Petruzzi,
University of Illinois–Urbana/Champaign; William R. Sherrard, San Diego State
University; S. Narayan Bodapati, Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville;
Warren J. Boe, University of Iowa; Burton Dean, San Jose State University;
Kwasi Amoako-Gyampah, University of North Carolina–Greensboro; Owen P.
Hall, Pepperdine University; Bruce C. Hartman, University of Arizona; Richard Irving, York University; Robert T. Jones, DePaul University; Richard L.
Luebbe, Miami University of Ohio; William Moylan, Lawrence Technological
College of Business; Edward Pascal, University of Ottawa; James H. Patterson,
Indiana University; Art Rogers, City University; Christy Strbiak, U.S. Air Force
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Academy; David A. Vaughan, City University; and Ronald W. Witzel, Keller
Graduate School of Management. Nabil Bedewi, Georgetown University; Scott
Bailey, Troy University; Michael Ensby, Clarkson University; Eldon Larsen, Marshall University; Steve Machon, DeVry University–Tinley Park; William Matthews, William Patterson University; Erin Sims, DeVry University–Pomona;
Kenneth Solheim, DeVry University–Federal Way; and Oya Tukel, Cleveland
State University.
In the fifth edition we continue to commit to improving the text content and
improving instruction of project management. We are grateful to those reviewers
who provided helpful critiques and insights on the fourth edition, which helped us
prepare this revision. The reviewers for the fifth edition include. Gregory Anderson,
Weber State University; Dana Bachman, Colorado Christian University; Alan
Cannon, University of Texas, Arlington; Susan Cholette, San Francisco State;
Michael Ensby, Clarkson University; Charles Franz, University of Missouri,
Columbia; Raouf Ghattas, DeVry University; Robert Groff, Westwood College;
Raffael Guidone, New York City College of Technology; George Kenyon, Lamar
University; Elias Konwufine, Keiser University; Rafael Landaeta, Old Dominion
University; Muhammad Obeidat, Southern Polytechnic State University; Linda
Rose, Westwood College; Oya Tukel, Cleveland State University; and Mahmoud
Watad, William Paterson University. We thank you for your many thoughtful
suggestions and for making our book better. Of course we accept responsibility
for the final version of the text.
In addition, we would like to thank our colleagues in the College of Business at
Oregon State University for their support and help in completing this project. In
particular, we recognize Ray Brooks, Jim Moran and Ping-Hung Hsieh for their
helpful advice and suggestions. We also wish to thank the many students who
helped us at different stages of this project, most notably Neil Young, Rebecca
Keepers, Katherine Knox, Dat Nguyen, Lacey McNeely and Amanda Bosworth.
Mary Gray deserves special credit for editing and working under tight deadlines
on earlier editions. Special thanks go to Pinyarat Sirisomboonsuk for her help in
preparing the last two editions.
Finally, we want to extend our thanks to all the people at McGraw-Hill/Irwin
for their efforts and support. First, we would like to thank Dick Hercher for continuing to champion and provide editorial direction and guidance, and Gail
Korosa, who took over management of the book’s development fifth edition. And
we would also like to thank Denise Showers, Carol Blelski, Mary Sander, Jeremy
Cheshareck, Grey Bates, and Harvey Yep for managing the final production,
design, supplement, and media phases of the fifth edition.
Erik W. Larson
Clifford F. Gray
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Note to Student
You will find the content of this text highly practical, relevant, and current. The
concepts discussed are relatively simple and intuitive. As you study each chapter
we suggest you try to grasp not only how things work, but why things work. You
are encouraged to use the text as a handbook as you move through the three levels
of competency:
I know.
I can do.
I can adapt to new situations.
Project management is both people and technical oriented. Project management involves understanding the cause-effect relationships and interactions among
the sociotechnical dimensions of projects. Improved competency in these dimensions will greatly enhance your competitive edge as a project manager.
The field of project management is growing in importance and at an exponential rate. It is nearly impossible to imagine a future management career that does
not include management of projects. Résumés of managers will soon be primarily
a description of the individual’s participation in and contributions to projects.
Good luck on your journey through the text and on your future projects.
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Brief Contents
13. Progress and Performance
Measurement and Evaluation
1. Modern Project Management
14. Project Closure
2. Organization Strategy and Project
Selection 22
4. Defining the Project
5. Estimating Project Times and
Costs 126
7. Managing Risk
One Solutions to Selected Exercises
8. Scheduling Resources and Costs
9. Reducing Project Duration
Two Computer Project Exercises
10. Leadership: Being an Effective Project
Manager 338
12. Outsourcing: Managing
Interorganizational Relations
18. Project Management Career Paths 602
11. Managing Project Teams
16. Oversight
17. An Introduction to Agile Project
Management 582
6. Developing a Project Plan
15. International Projects
3. Organization: Structure


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